Her own company Riefenstahl founded in With Albert Speer, Hitler's architect, Riefenstahl discussed about building a studio complex. Martin Borman had approved the plan in but it was never realized. During the war Riefenstahl made a nonmusical screen version of the Eugen d'Albert's opera Tiefland , which had been popular in the s.
Riefenstahl's company also produced cultural films and short films. Gypsies from a nearby concentration camp were used as extras.
A number of them were later killed, women and children included. Riefenstahl herself played the role of Marta, a gypsy woman. With her husband, Peter Jacob, whom she married in , Riefenstahl visited Hitler at the Berghof in It was her last meeting with him. Riefenstahl noticed Hitler's shrunken frame but that he "still cast the same magical spell as before. For a time she was locked in an insane asylum, where she was given electro-compulsive therapy. Riefenstahl divorced in In a West German denazification court officially cleared her of charges of Nazi collaboration. Riefenstahl worked on several projects in the s, but in Germany her movie career was over.
The Finnish Olympic Committee asked her to make a film on the summer Olympics in Helsinki, but Riefenstahl turned the offer down. She felt that she could not surpass her earlier work.
Leni Riefenstahl - Wikipedia
Misfortunes, starting from a car accident in Kenya, in which Riefenstahl broke all her ribs, stopped her film about slave trade in eastern Africa. For the first time Riefenstahl visited the Nuba in Sudan in with a German scientific expedition. In the following years she lived for extended periods with the Nubas, learning their language and way of life. Riefenstahl's pictures were published in a number of magazines and newspapers. Her assistant and cameraman, Horst Kettner, 42 years her junior, became her life companion.
Leni Riefenstahl, Filmmaker and Nazi Propagandist, Dies at 101
The British Film Institute had withdrawn its invitation in for Riefenstahl to give a talk about her career, but in she was honored at the Telluride Film Festival in Colorado, and in in Montreal Summer Olympics Riefenstahl was invited as a guest of honor. Riefenstahl revisited in the Nuba, and showed them her book. Riefenstahl learned to dive in her seventies. When she entered a German diving school, she had to lie about her age. Thank you for your feedback. Britannica Explores Women Trailblazers. Meet extraordinary women who dared to bring gender equality and other issues to the forefront.
From overcoming oppression, to breaking rules, to reimagining the world or waging a rebellion, these women of history have a story to tell. Facts Matter. Start Your Free Trial Today. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. Family: Married Peter Jacob, divorced Career: Dancer, from ; appeared in "mountain films" directed by Arnold Franck, from ; established own production company, Riefenstahl Films, ; first film, Das blaue Licht , released, ; appointed "film expert to the National Socialist Party" by Hitler, ; detained in various prison camps by Allied Forces on charges of pro-Nazi activity, —48; charges dismissed by Berlin court, allowed to work in film industry again, ; suffered serious auto accident while working in Africa, ; commissioned by The Times London to photograph the Munich Olympics, ; honored at Telluride Film Festival, Colorado festival picketed by anti-Nazi groups , ; was the subject of the documentary The Wonderful, Horrible Life of Leni Riefenstahl , directed by Ray Muller, Address: 20 Tengstrasse, Munich 40, Germany.
Sieg des Glaubens Victory of the Faith. Leni Riefenstahl.
The People of Kau , translated by J. Maxwell Brownjohn, St.
Martin's Press, Infield, G. Graham, Cooper C. Hinton, David B. Rotha, Paul, "I Deplore. Richards, J.
senbupupoha.gq Barsam, R. Sokal, Harry R. Fraser, J. Horton, W. Lopperdinger, M. Hoberman, J. Dassanowsky, R. Naughton, L. Cohn, H.
The years to define the major filmmaking efforts of Leni Riefenstahl. Because she remained a German citizen making films in Hitler's Third Reich, two at the Fuhrer's request, she and her films were viewed as pro-Nazi. Riefenstahl claims she took no political position and committed no crimes. In , a German court ruled that she was a follower of, not active in, the Nazi Party.
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Another court in reconfirmed her innocence of war crimes. But she is destined to remain a politically controversial filmmaker who made two films rated as masterpieces. She began to learn filmmaking while acting in the mountain films of Arnold Fanck, her mentor. She made a mountain film of her own, The Blue Light , using smoke bombs to create "fog". She used a red and green filter on the camera lens, over her cameraman's objections, to obtain a novel magical effect.
This film is Riefenstahl's own favorite. She says it is the story of her own life. She agreed to make Victory of the Faith , which was not publicly viewed. Hitler then asked her to film the Nazi Party rally. Triumph of the Will , an extraordinary work, shows Hitler arriving by plane to attend the rally.
He proceeds through the crowded streets of Nuremburg, addresses speeches to civilians and uniformed troops, and reviews a five-hour parade. The question is: Did Riefenstahl make Triumph as pro-Nazi propaganda or not? Barsam's judgment.
Related The Many Names of Leni Riefenstahl
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